The combination of several essential vitamins and minerals consist of a multivitamin tablet. These vitamins occur naturally in food that we consume; due to lack of a balanced diet, some people fail to intake the necessary vitamins. It can result in various grades of manifestation from mild to severe, depending upon your age and immune power. We all must be aware of the advantages of including multivitamins in our diet.
However, have you come across this phrase ”overdose of anything can prove fatal’. Similarly, multivitamins are beneficial for our body and health unless there is an overdose. When it comes to multivitamin tablets, there is a wide variety available in this domain. Some contain fat-soluble vitamins, while the others have water-soluble vitamins. Yet some of them have a combination of vitamins and essential micronutrients like iron. Vitamin A, D, E, K also called fat-soluble vitamins can cause serious side effects if not taken under proper guidance.
We are listing down possible side effects of multivitamin tablets & their mode of action, kindly have a look-
- Inappropriate dosage
As we already talked about the variations in multivitamins, you must know about its different forms. It is available in tablet, capsule, powder, sublingual, liquid, and chewing forms. You can choose according to your convenience, taking care of the appropriacy of dose. The multivitamin supplement dose for adults is one tablet per day with a glass full of water. Take care of the following points:
- Always consume the multivitamin tablet in an empty stomach.
- Do not double the dosage of the tablet the following day if you missed the tablet in the previous day.
- Never crush the capsules; doing so can disturb its sustained release and there will be an abrupt release of the entire formulation at once.
- Interaction with other particles
You can classify interaction in two types depending upon the substance:
1) Interaction with food: Multivitamins tend to interact with milk and dairy products. If you are using a potassium-based multivitamin, avoid using salt substitute. Therefore, it is advisable to take it in empty stomach.
2) Interaction with drug: Drug interaction of multivitamins is very common. Never consume any other multivitamin containing product if you are using iron-based multivitamin. Other drugs that have hazardous interaction with multivitamins are antacids, antibiotics, sulfa drugs, heart or blood pressure medications, diuretics, analgesics, and calcium supplements.
- The pathophysiological condition of your body
Pregnancy and use of multivitamins are often questionable. The nutritional requirement of a woman rises during pregnancy or childbearing age. You can take or skip multivitamins, but what’s more important is the proper diet. Excessive use of multivitamins containing vitamin A can cause congenital malformations in fetal. It can hamper the nervous and cardiogenic development of the baby. It is also essential to rule out the hyperallergic states present in the patient. There is an absolute contraindication of multivitamins in people having ulcerative colitis, gastritis, ulcers, and iron storage disease.
- How to avoid this condition?
The points mentioned above can cause symptoms like nausea, vomiting, headache, stomach pain, changes in urinary patterns, bad taste in mouth, mottling of teeth, and inflammatory swelling in face. It is better to consult your doctor before starting a multivitamin regimen to avoid any misfortune & always consume the recommended dose.
That’s all about the side effects of multivitamins. Stay safe and healthy!